In the case of a Finnish sauna, the temperature in the steam room is relatively high (+ 70-100 degrees), the humidity is low (up to 20%) and the water is often not thrown on the stones. The walls of the sauna are usually covered with wooden boards. Bench is usually built in couple of steps, which allows you to enjoy different temperatures. The heat source is hot stove with stones, which are briefly moistened with air by throwing water on them, producing steam. The high temperature of the sauna raises the body temperature to 39 degrees, which stimulates the skin's blood circulation and intensifies sweating, which in turn relaxes the muscles. The temperature of the internal organs remain at 37 degrees.
In case of respiratory diseases, the airways are dilated and cleared, making breathing easier. The right effect of the sauna is accomplished by the alternation of cold and hot phases, ie the course in a hot sauna should be followed by cooling with cold water or fresh air. Such alternation stimulates metabolism and blood circulation. The high-temperature sauna relaxes muscle tension and has also been shown to relieve stress. The sauna relaxes the nervous system and promotes a peaceful sleep.
The steam sauna is similar to the Russian sauna, because the temperature in the sauna does not rise above 50 degrees, but the heating is different. In the steam generator, water vapor is generated, which is led through pipes to the sauna room, where it floats as a cloud. Steam clouds can be enriched with aromas.
Steam baths have several therapeutic properties, which makes them suitable for people with sleep disorders and is also an effective reducer of upper respiratory ailments. Due to its high moisture content and heat, the steam bath is an effective health remedy for problems such as bronchial asthma, bronchitis, upper respiratory catarrh, cough, hoarseness, and limited joint movement or joint pain.
The steam bath improves the blood supply to the skin, making it suitable for people with skin problems. Steaming the skin helps to get rid of daily tension, relax and recover. Moist heat opens the pores and cleanses the skin, making the skin smooth. The additional effect of a steam bath is a weight loss, as it helps to burn 400-600 calories.
The infrared sauna can be called a 21st century sauna, because it isn't time-consuming and is very convenient to adapt to a city apartment. The air in the infrared sauna is not heated and steam is not used. Infrared radiation is transmitted as light waves through the air and warms the body directly without heating the surrounding air. While traditional saunas cause fatigue after the procedure, the infrared sauna, on the contrary, creates energy and vigor.
The infrared sauna heats the body to stimulate sweating and the excretion of toxins. The infrared sauna is also used to treat acne, psoriasis, skin burns and wounds and to reduce cellulite. The sauna procedure helps to relieve chronic fatigue, muscle pain, stimulates the nervous system, increases potency, raises the level of growth hormones and boosts the body's immunity. The length of a single session is usually considered to be 30 minutes at a temperature of + 45-50 degrees, which can burn up to 600 calories. Infrared waves warm the body to a depth of 4 cm, which brings out natural sweating. Body temperature can rise to 38.5 degrees, which mimics the body's natural response to infection, plus a response to disease-causing bacteria. The sweat emitted by an infrared sauna contains 80% water and 20% solids such as fat, cholesterol, toxins and acids. In a normal sauna, the body heats up to a depth of about 3-5 mm and sweat contains about 95% water and 5% solids.